Fred Swaniker is a Ghanaian serial entrepreneur and leadership development expert. He has launched five organizations that aim at developing leaders, primarily in Africa. He is the Chairman and Founder of the African Leadership Academy, an institution located outside Johannesburg in South Africa that aims to develop 6,000 transformative leaders for Africa over a 50-year period. He is also the Founder of African Leadership Network, Global Leadership Adventures, and Africa Advisory Group. His father was a lawyer and magistrate; his mother is an educator. Both are Ghanaian, but he had lived in four countries in Africa by the time he was 18. He attended Macalester College in Minnesota. He worked for McKinsey & Company in Johannesburg, then graduated from the Stanford School of Business in California, where he was named an Arjay Miller Scholar of Stanford University. While working at McKinsey he became concerned about the fact that wealthy African families were sending their children to study in the United States and the United Kingdom. He decided to launch a top-notch school for African students in Africa. He used his Silicon Valley connections to find financial backing and launched the African Leadership Academy in 2004. The school teaches leadership skills to high school juniors and seniors from throughout Africa. For most students tuition is waived, provided they stay in Africa after graduating.